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Committees | Union & Peace | JFK

Committees



United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea
UN Middle School Committees
 

United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea

Mitigating the International Trade of Shark Fins
Shark fins have been traded at a global scale for human consumption. Shark fins are considered valuable because of their exclusivity and marketability. Nonetheless, shark finning has resulted in the endangerment of shark species, a dangerous shift in ecosystems, and has negatively affected the fishing market. Taking this into account, the United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea will search to mitigate the international trade of shark fins. Delegates must address the topic through an ethical environmental and economic standpoint.

Background paper

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
UN Middle School Committees
 

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund

Addressing the Effects of Exposure to Technology in Minors
As time has passed, children have started to depend on technology for entertainment and learning. The use and dependency has heavily increased during the pandemic of Covid-19. While some favor the use of technology and its accessible resources, it is evident that it negatively affects children’s development. Taking this into account, the United Nations International Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is responsible of evaluating the positive and negative effects of exposure to technology in children. The committee must assess the effects through a formative perspective.

Background paper

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
UN Middle School Committees
 

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Evaluating the Quality of Public Infrastructure in Developing Countries
Public infrastructure is the base of any nation as it is key for its future development. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development will discuss, evaluate, and establish priorities and solutions in regards to infrastructure in developing countries. Delegates must propose ideas in order to improve the overall quality of public infrastructure at a global and local scale. The topic must be addressed through an economic, environmental, and social standpoint. The committee should aim at developing solutions that will improve the public infrastructure in developing countries and as a result, contribute to its development.

Background paper

United Nations Environment Programme
UN Middle School Committees
 

United Nations Environment Programme

Managing Medical Waste Caused by Covid-19
The contagious Covid-19 disease has led to the prioritization of health before all. As a result, unsustainable medical waste has increased at a high scale. Disposable face masks are often recommended or demanded to prevent the spread of disease. Even though they effectively reduce the spread of disease, disposed face masks pollute ecosystems and spaces. Other medical waste caused by Covid-19 include infusion bottles and bags, protective suits, gloves, hair nets, among others. The United Nations Environment Programme will address the presented topic through an environmental standpoint. The delegates are expected to present environmentally sustainable solutions to manage medical waste without jeopardizing the fulfillment of health objectives and standards.

Background paper

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UN Middle School Committees
 

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Protecting the Rights of Women Refugees
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is responsible for assuring and protecting refugees and their rights. The committee works to protect those who are displaced from communities due to various disputes. The UNHCR searches to defend refugee women though safe shelters, the protection of their privacy, assistance with maintenance, fair food distribution systems, and sanitation facilities. Moreover, the committee supports and manages a variety of educational programs focusing on leadership skills, gender equity, along with others. Even though the committee has reached exponential growth when it comes to the protection of women refugees, there is still a long way to go. Issues like gender-based violence and discrimination, the increasing number of women refugees, the wide range of placement, and the COVID-19 pandemic has made it difficult for the committee to act accordingly. In order to address the presented topic, delegates are expected to present viable solutions and further discuss how the rights of women refugees can be protected at a global scale.

Background paper

Futuristic World Health Organization
Special Middle School Committees
 

Futuristic World Health Organization

Addressing and Preventing 2W - Diph Outbreaks Worldwide / Level: High
The futuristic World Health Organization unites in 2045, in the beginning of a new pandemic. The infectious disease responsible for the pandemic is “2W - Diph”, a disease derived from Diphtheria. The disease comes in two waves (thus the name). The first wave consists of mild symptoms and the second wave consists of lethal symptoms with only a 5% of survival rate. The purpose of the committee is to prevent more “2W - Diph” outbreaks with successful strategies from previous pandemics. Delegates are expected to obtain their information from the presented background paper and the resources included.

Background paper

Fondo Monetario Internacional
Comités de la ONU en Español
 

Fondo Monetario Internacional

Reducir la desigualdad socioeconómica y racial en países latinoamericanos
La desigualdad racial y socioeconómica es un problema evidente en países latinoamericanos. Sin embargo, rara vez se reconocen y castigan comportamientos racistas y clasistas debido a que son normalizados. Estas tendencias impiden el desarrollo de grupos oprimidos en sectores laborales, económicos, sociales, educacionales, políticos, entre otros. Por esto, la labor del Fondo Monetario Internacional es reducir y erradicar la desigualdad socioeconómica y racial en todos los sectores posibles a través de propuestas adaptables y óptimas para América Latina.

Background paper

Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization
Special Committees
 

Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization

Discussing the increase of power of the United Nations
Concerns over unilateral coercive measures and their unintended humanitarian consequences are growing. A considerable number of nations urge that sanctions remain a relevant tool for the maintenance of international peace and security, while others argue that they are a violation of the rights of the states. Delegates will have to thoroughly discuss the topic and come to planned solutions of whether the implementation of sanctions is a violation of rights or are necessary measures to strengthen the United Nations’ role.

Background paper

Crisis
Special Committees
 

Crisis

Pending / Level: High
Problems around the world can emerge at any moment. A crisis is defined as “an unstable or crucial time or state of affairs in which a decisive change is impeding.” (Merriam-Webster, n.d.). Delegates are expected to effectively solve the presented problems in order to maintain international security and peace. They must use their quick and effective research and thinking skills when developing solutions and proposals.

Background paper coming soon

The Soviet Politburo
Special Committees
 

The Soviet Politburo

Chernobyl / Level: High
On April 25-26, 1986, an accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant station in the Soviet Union occurred. The workers shut down the reactor’s power-regulating system and its emergency safety systems, and withdrew most of the control rods from its core while allowing the reactor to continue running at 7 percent power. These mistakes were compounded by others, and at 1:23 AM on April 26, the chain reaction got out of control causing a series of explosions. The explosions triggered a large fireball and blew off the heavy steel and concrete lid of the reactor causing the area of the accident to become radioactive. A large number of people were affected by this accident with year lasting effects. It is considered the worst disaster in the history of nuclear power generation. Delegates in the committee will have to discuss this issue as members of the Soviet Politburo and find the best solutions in order to avoid catastrophes. Delegates must use their quick thinking skills in order to respond to the presented crises.

Background paper

Joint Crisis Committee
Special Committees
 

Joint Crisis Committee

The Spanish Civil War (Republicans vs. Nationalists) / Level: High
In 1936, military revolt against the Republican government of Spain was supported by conservative elements within the country. When the initial military coup failed, a civil war arose. The Nationalists received aid from the Nazi party and Italy, while the Republicans received aid from the Soviet Union and the International Brigades. In this fast-paced committee, both parties will have to create strategic plans in order to defeat the opposing party.

Background paper

Senado de México
Special Committees
 

Senado de México

Modificaciones a la Ley de la Industria Eléctrica
La Ley de la Industria Eléctrica fue aprobada durante el mandato del presidente Enrique Peña Nieto y actualmente, se busca modificar la ley por el presidente Andrés Manuel Obrador y suprimir la generación eléctrica privada, concediéndole el monopolio eléctrico al órgano gubernamental de la CFE. Hay que tomar en cuenta que esta reforma no solo afecta la economía, sino que también afecta el medio ambiente; estas modificaciones previenen el desarrollo tecnológico de energías limpias y la inversión privada. Teniendo los efectos de estos cambios en mente, los senadores tendrán que debatir sobre la aprobación de esta reforma.

Background paper

International Court of Justice
Special Committees
 

International Court of Justice

Nuremberg Trials / Level: High
In order to bring Nazi war criminals to justice, a series of 13 trials were carried out in Nuremberg, Germany from 1945 to 1949. High-ranking military officers, German industrialists, lawyers, and doctors faced charges on crimes against peace and humanity. Delegates in the court will have to debate the historical legal disputes and resolve them in a deliberate manner in order to bring justice.

Background paper

Chamberlain’s Cabinet
Special Committees
 

Chamberlain’s Cabinet

Breaking the Appeasement
In the 1930s, Naville Chamberlain, the British Prime Minister, created a policy to appease Hitler in hopes of avoiding World War II. Britain granted political and material concessions to the Nazi party; however, it is time to stop providing Germany with power and decide whether to break the policy. Delegates will have to discuss and come to a conclusion on when it would be the most adequate time to declare war or if it should even be declared considering the political, social, and economic situations Britain is facing.

Background paper

World Health Organisation
UN High School Committees
 

World Health Organisation

Conducting the Investigation World Health Organisation for the Origins of Covid-19
The Coronavirus emerged towards the end of the year 2019 and has since become a severe health crisis. Despite it being an intercontinental issue, its origins remain unknown. The research team of the World Health Organisation is currently investigating this exact topic in order to determine its origin by exploring the possibilities of it being a natural versus a man-made virus. This investigation should be the main focus of the World Health Organisation in order to find its real source and use the information gathered for prevention. Delegates must propose ideas on how to conduct the organization along restrictions and supervision of the investigation. They must base their proposals of off factual evidence.

Background paper

United Nations Human Rights Committee
UN High School Committees
 

United Nations Human Rights Committee

Ending LGBTQ+ Conversion Therapy
Conversion therapy consists of forcibly altering one’s sexual orientation or gender identity. The 21st decade has proven to be the most open time period for members of the LGBTQ+ community so far; conversely, it has also become more strict in terms of the religious and social perspective. Attempting to change one’s sexual orientation to heterosexual through oppressive means is considered a violation of human rights. The United Nations Human Rights Committee should focus on ending conversion therapy to the members of the LGBTQ+ community. Delegates are expected to represent their nation’s position and to work toward the eradication of LGBTQ+ conversion therapy.

Background paper

United Nations Economic and Social Council
UN High School Committees
 

United Nations Economic and Social Council

Addressing the Consequences of the Terms White, Grey, and Black Lists Established by the OECD / Level: High
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has established the concepts and terms of the black and white lists. These terms were first used in the 17th century by referring to untrustworthy individuals who were under vigilance. In agreement with the OECD, these terms were created to take tax standards into account. However, it has since been commonly used when referring to the economy and trade. Listing a nation on the black list may lead to the avoidance of this country and prohibiting their participation in certain cooperative events. The white list, on the other hand, facilitates trading between nations as numerous economic advantages are given to these nations. Taking this into consideration, the United Nations Economic and Social Council will confront the consequences of the mentioned term by addressing them as a global community. Delegates should evaluate the negative and positive effects of such labeling and must present solutions accordingly.

Background paper

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
UN High School Committees
 

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Regulating Take-Home Opioid Prescription Doses
Opioid is a highly-addictive medical drug used to treat severe pain. Those who consume opioid drugs are under high risk of developing an addiction which can lead to the misuse of the drug. Regulating take-home opioid prescription doses has become a priority to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime as opioids may cause long-term health problems. Delegates should direct their focus to the risk factors of the aforesaid type of drug. They are expected to evaluate regulation methods with the overall objective of establishing effective regulations.

Background paper

Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee
UN High School Committees
 

Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee

Addressing Extreme Poverty as a Result of Economic Instability in Petrostates
Petrostates are countries whose economy mainly depends on the export of oil and natural gas. Said nations constantly deal with the rise and fall of their economy, which has led them into a cycle of political and economic chaos. Thanks to technological advancements and the change in the global oil market, petrostates have developed incredibly unstable economies. The Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee will work to stabilize the economy in nations that heavily depend on this type of energy source. Delegates are encouraged to propose innovative models that will boost the economic stability of said nation.

Background paper

Security Council
UN High School Committees
 

Security Council

Resolving the Tigray Crisis / Level: High
The Tigray crisis began in early November when the Tigray’s People Liberation Front -- a regional government leftist party -- began a siege against a key Ethiopian military base at Sero. The Ethiopian Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, called the assault a “treason that will never be forgotten” and ordered a federal offensive against the region. This resulted in the death of thousands of people and the displacement of millions more which has led to the consequent humanitarian crisis that puts the security of Ethiopian citizens and world wide peace at risk. Therefore, the Security Council is expected to find a possible procedure in order to put an end to the Tigray Crisis. Delegates must consider their alliances, objectives, and priorities when crafting proposals.

Background paper

General Assembly
UN High School Committees
 

General Assembly

Addressing the Impact of Rapid Technological Change on the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and Targets
The United Nations has established 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that are directed at social, economic, and industrial development. Considering technological changes affect all sustainable development goals, its rapid development will encourage the achievement of the established targets. Technology has brought significant changes on a global scale; however, it has also created an immense gap between developed and developing countries. Delegates must evaluate how technology can help achieve the SDGs and how it can also lead to a setback. The General Assembly must fix its attention to the rapid technological change and its impact in global development and progress. The committee is expected to prioritize development and growth before all.

Background paper

World Trade Organization
UN High School Committees
 

World Trade Organization

Addressing the Economic, Commercial, and Financial Embargo Imposed by the United States Against Cuba / Level: High
The United States embargo against Cuba was first imposed on the sales of arms on March 14, 1958. This embargo was extended to the majority of exports in 1962 and since the year 2000, the embargo no longer prohibits the trade of food and humanitarian supplies. However, it is greatly criticized due to the effects it has on Cuba which influences other international relationships. Taking this into account, the World Trade Organization must work to re establish the relationship between the countries involved through a financial and economic standpoint.

Background paper

United Nations Climate Change Conference
UN High School Committees
 

United Nations Climate Change Conference

United Nations Climate Change Conference 26th Glasgow
The 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference will be held in November 2021. According to the UNFCCC, this conference will help increase climate ambition, build resilience, and work in lowering emissions. The mentioned statement is the main focus the delegations should take into consideration. In the past United Nations Climate Change Conferences, nations have failed to reach an agreement. Therefore, nations must commit to action and the prioritization of environmental sustainability.

Background paper

The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
UN High School Committees
 

The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women

Evaluating the Gender-Based Pink Tax
The Pink Tax is considered gender-based pricing, which consists of up-charging feminine products. Today, it is considered discriminatory and unreasonable as it obligates people, especially women, to pay extra taxes for everyday items such as beauty and personal hygiene products. The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women must evaluate the reasoning behind the Pink Tax and resolve this gender-based unequal condition. Delegates must consider the social roots behind the Pink Tax and propose solutions accordingly.

Background paper

United Nations Commissioner for Refugees
UN High School Committees
 

United Nations Commissioner for Refugees

Addressing the Return and Placement of Azerbaijani Refugees / Level: High
Armenia and Azerbaijan, both former Soviet Union republics, declared war for the ownership of Nagorno-Karabakh. Consequently, a high amount of people have been displaced. The conflict ended in November of 2020 when Armenia, Azjerbania, and Russia agreed to sign the Russian-brokered peace deal. Since the war has officially ended through truce, refugees are returning to Nagorno-Karabakh. The region has been severely affected by the war and even unfit for returning refugees. Therefore, the return and placement of Azerbaijan refugees is a top priority for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Delegates must develop proposals based on the agreements stated in the Russian-brokered peace deal.

Background paper

Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe
Comités de la ONU en Español
 

Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe

Revertir el retroceso de pobreza debido al Covid-19
La pobreza ha incrementado inmensamente en América Latina como de la pandemia de Covid-19. Medidas para contener el virus han resultado en declinación económica. Debido a los inciertos e inestabilidad económica, el desempleo ha incrementado excesivamente. De acuerdo a las investigaciones de las Naciones Unidas, la economía latinoamericana ha disminuido por aproximadamente un 8% y alrededor de 3 millones de empresas han cerrado a causa de la pandemia. El gran objetivo de la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe es poner en práctica las posibles soluciones para revertir el retroceso de la pobreza en países latinoamericanos causado por el Covid-19. Los delegados deberán proponer soluciones que brinden estabilidad económica a corto y largo plazo.

Background paper

La Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Comercio y Desarrollo
Comités de la ONU en Español
 

La Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Comercio y Desarrollo

Consolidar la preparación para la Cuarta Revolución Industrial / Nivel: Alto
La Cuarta Revolución Industrial empezó en el año 2011. La revolución busca desarrollar cambios tecnológicos e industriales para así moldear la sociedad moderna. Los delegados deberán evaluar los beneficios e inconvenientes de los cambios tecnológicos dentro de los sectores económicos, laborales, sociales y ambientales. La Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Comercio y Desarrollo debe concentrarse en la preparación para los retos de los cambios tecnológicos que todos los países están enfrentando o van a enfrentar en un futuro cercano.

Background paper

Comité de cooperación Sur-Sur
Comités de la ONU en Español
 

Comité de cooperación Sur-Sur

Combatiendo la crisis alimentaria en el Triángulo Norte
El Triángulo Norte consiste de tres países: El Salvador, Guatemala y Honduras. Antes de la pandemia de Covid-19, se reportó que el Triángulo Norte poseía un incremento de inseguridad alimentaria y nutricional de 4.4 millones de personas en condiciones de crisis. Esta situación ha empeorado a causa de la pandemia de Covid-19. Actualmente, el Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana (SICA) reporta que más de 7.3 millones de personas se encuentran en una crisis de inseguridad alimentaria. Tomando esto en cuenta, el Comité de cooperación Sur-Sur debe de definir soluciones satisfactorias de manera unificada. Se espera que el comité solucione la crisis alimentaria por medio de soluciones de corto y largo plazo. Los delegados deberán identificar los orígenes de la crisis. Se espera que propongan soluciones que ataquen la raíz del problema al igual que soluciones que se enfoquen en los efectos directos.

Background paper